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9 Tips for Beating Router Tear-Out Shelbyville TN

Trying to hog out a clean edge in one pass is asking for tear-out trouble. Instead of gambling with an expensive piece of wood, take the time to make at least two passes: one heavy pass and a very light final pass.

The Home Depot
(931)728-1224
187 Roberts Blvd
Manchester, TN
Hours
Mon-Sat: 7:00am-9:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-7:00pm

Shelbyville Lumber Company
(931) 684-5731
917 N Main St
Shelbyville, TN
 
Tullahoma - Auth Hometown
(931) 454-2525
1420 Cedar Lane
Tullahoma, TN
Store Hours
Hometown Dealers
Store Type
Hometown Dealers
Hours
Mon:8-21
Tue:8-21
Wed:8-21
Thu:8-21
Fri:8-21
Sat:8-21
Sun:8-20
Store Features
Mon:8-21
Tue:8-21
Wed:8-21
Thu:8-21
Fri:8-21
Sat:8-21
Sun:8-20

Lambert Lumber Co., Inc.
(931) 359-2501
307 2nd Ave South
Lewisburg, TN
 
Handyman Matters
(866) 426-3905
407 Meadowlark Drive
Shelbyville, TN
 
Lowe's
(931) 680-5045
1734 North Main Street
Shelbyville, TN
Hours
M-SA 7 am - 9 pm
SU 8 am - 7 pm

Kmart 9629 / Cross Merch
(931) 455-6208
1806 N Jackson St
Tullahoma, TN
Store Hours
Miscellaneous
Store Type
Miscellaneous
Hours
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21
Store Features
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21

Lowe's
(931) 455-6722
2211 North Jackson Street
Tullahoma, TN
Hours
M-SA 7 am - 9 pm
SU 8 am - 7 pm

Marshall Farmers Co-op
(931) 359-1558
615 S Ellington Bypass
Lewisburg, TN
 
Paramount Metals
(931) 723-3591
1873 Hillsboro Blvd
Manchester, TN

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9 Tips for Beating Router Tear-Out

9 Tips for Beating Router Tear-Out

Stop router disasters before they start.

by Eric Smith

Snap, crackle, crunch! 

No, it’s not your breakfast cereal. That’s the sound of router tear-out.

Aaargh! 

And that’s the sound of a woodworker facing a do-over or repair. 

Tear-out can happen cutting across or against the grain, cutting too deeply, using a dull bit or just running into a hidden flaw. One thing’s for sure: It’ll always happen at the worst possible time. Although it can’t completely be avoided, you can definitely minimize the chances of tear-out by following some simple techniques and precautions—without adding a lot of time or expense to your projects.

Pay Attention to Grain Direction

Visualize a feather cut by a router. It would be a mess, of course, but the point is that when you rout against the grain (see photo, left), the wood reacts just like a feather. The grain is running right into the bit rotation. The wood’s fibers are likely to catch and break apart ahead of the cut, producing tear-out. But when you run the router with the grain (see photo, right), you get a smooth cut. 

Feeding your stock so the grain direction crashes head on into the bit rotation is like running your finger the wrong way on a feather. Nasty tear-out is almost a sure thing. 

Flip a board end for end to change the direction from which the grain meets the cutter. Now the grain flows in the same direction as the bit rotation. The result will be a smooth cut with little or no tear-out worries.

Make a Very Light Final Pass

Trying to hog out a clean edge in one pass is asking for tear-out trouble. Instead of gambling with an expensive piece of wood, take the time to make at least two passes: one heavy pass and a very light final pass. 

Because the final pass is just a shaving cut, the bit is a lot less likely to catch and tear the wood fibers. You’ll get a smooth surface, even if the grain is going the wrong way.

Use a Down-Cutting Spiral Bit for Flush Trimming

Down-cutting spiral bits push down on the wood’s surface. The result is a clean, tear-out-free shearing cut. Down-cutting spiral bits work especially well for trimming or cutting through delicate veneers, melamine, laminates and highly figured woods. 

Use a Zero-Clearance Fence

A zero-clearance fence backs up the wood as it’s fed into the router bit, making it difficult for the wood to chip.

To make a zero-clearance fence, set the router bit at the height and depth you want. If you have removable subfences, turn the router on and slowly slide the infeed side of the fence into the bit.  If your fence has a fixed face, clamp temporary subfences on both sides. With the router running, loosen the clamps on the infeed fence enough to slowly slide the subfences into the spinning bit.


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