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Lock Rabbet Drawer Joinery Greeneville TN

Setting up the drawer lock bit is not difficult. Start by aligning this bit with the fence, as shown in Photo 1. Next, adjust the height of the bit to approximately 3/8 in. (Photo 2). Run a couple of test boards (Photo 3) and check the fit (Photo 4). The first test boards you make are unlikely to give you a perfect fit, so adjust the bit's height until the fit is just right.

Full Cycle Woodworks Inc.
(423) 272-9004
1600 Hwy 70 North
Rogersville, TN

Data Provided by:
Fastenal- Greeneville
423-638-3622
730 W. Andrew Johnson Hwy Greeneville, TN, 37743
Greeneville, TN
 
LOWE'S OF GREENEVILLE, TENN.
423 639-0012
2375 EAST ANDREW JOHNSON HIGHWAY GREENEVILLE, TN, 37745
Greeneville, TN
 
Olde Towne Ace Hardware
(423) 913-1606
220 N 2nd Ave
Jonesborough, TN
 
Appalachian Stoneworks
(866) 389-4260
412 Kinchloe Mill Rd
Jonesborough, TN

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Ace Hardware
(423) 639-6223
1023 W Main St
Greeneville, TN
 
Lowe's
(423) 639-0012
2375 East Andrew Johnson Highway
Greeneville, TN
Hours
M-SA 7 am - 9 pm
SU 9 am - 7 pm

Kmart 3773 / Cross Merch
(423) 636-1118
1355 Tusculum Blvd
Greeneville, TN
Store Hours
Miscellaneous
Store Type
Miscellaneous
Hours
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21
Store Features
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21

Lowe's
(423) 788-7000
1498 E. Jackson Boulevard
Jonesborough, TN
Hours
M-SA 7 am - 9 pm
SU 8 am - 7 pm

The Home Depot
(865)428-0116
128 Allensville Road
Sevierville, TN
Hours
Mon-Sat: 6:00am-10:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-8:00pm

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Lock Rabbet Drawer Joinery

Lock Rabbet Drawer Joinery

Here's a router-made drawer joint that's quick, simple and self-aligning.

by Randy Johnson

For fast, easy, accurate joinery in everything from kitchen-cabinet drawers to jewelry boxes, the lock rabbet is the way to go. Lock rabbets are self-aligning and sufficiently strong for light- and medium-duty drawers. As with most woodworking techniques, there is more than one way to make a lock rabbet. We experimented with several methods using the tablesaw and router table and settled on this as our favorite. It uses a router bit called a drawer lock bit. And for the wood, we chose 1/2-in. Baltic birch plywood. Its multiple layers and lack of internal voids make it strong and stable.

Router Bit Setup

Setting up the drawer lock bit is not difficult. Start by aligning this bit with the fence, as shown in Photo 1. Next, adjust the height of the bit to approximately 3/8 in. (Photo 2). Run a couple of test boards (Photo 3) and check the fit (Photo 4). The first test boards you make are unlikely to give you a perfect fit, so adjust the bit's height until the fit is just right.

Marking the Drawer Sides

To determine the length of your drawer sides, subtract two times the thickness of the lip on your test board (Photo 4) from your final drawer box length. For example, if you're making a 12-in.-long drawer box and the lip on the test board is 1/16 in., the material for the drawer sides should be 11-7/8-in. long. Here's the math: 

1/16" x 2 = 1/8" 
12" - 1/8" = 11-7/8"

Prepare your plywood by cutting it into panels that equal the length you calculated with the formula above and are two to three drawer-sides wide (Photo 9). Add 1 in. to the width to allow for saw kerfs and edge waste. The edge waste will accommodate the chip-out that usually occurs when the router bit exits the cut. To rout the joint for drawer sides, hold the panel vertically against the fence (Photo 6).

Making the Drawer Box Fronts and Backs

Reset your router-table fence before you rout the fronts and backs. Set a scrap piece of your drawer-box material on top of the bit and move the fence back until the cutting depth matches the thickness of the material (Photo 7). Run a test cut with a scrap of drawer-box material and check the fit with the drawer side panels you cut earlier. It should look like the joint in (Photo 5). If the lip doesn't flush up with the side panel, readjust the router-table fence and run another test cut until the lip is flush with the side.

The drawer fronts and backs should be as long as the final width of the drawer box because they span the full width (Photo 5). These front and back panels are routed flat on the table (Photo 8)

Final Sizing

Now you can saw the drawer parts to final width (Photo 9). Then, saw or rout a 3/16-in.-deep dado in the parts for the drawer bottoms.

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