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Solar Kiln South Sioux City NE

For most 4/4 stock, it’s OK to start with the vents open an inch or two (Photo 8). This helps remove the moist air quickly. At the same time, however, you’re also letting out heat, so there is a trade-off.

The Home Depot
(712)255-5310
415 Cunningham Drive
Sioux City, IA
Hours
Mon-Sat: 6:00am-9:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-8:00pm

Lowe's
(712) 389-9007
5758 Sunnybrook Drive
Sioux City, IA
Hours
M-SA 7 am - 10 pm
SU 8 am - 8 pm

Kmart 4465 / Cross Merch
(712) 276-0290
5700 Gordon Dr
Sioux City, IA
Store Hours
Miscellaneous
Store Type
Miscellaneous
Hours
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21
Store Features
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21

Southern Hills Mall
(712) 274-4400
4480 Sergeant Rd
Sioux City, IA
Store Hours
Sears Stores
Store Type
Sears Stores
Hours
Mon:10-21
Tue:10-21
Wed:10-21
Thu:10-21
Fri:10-21
Sat:10-21
Sun:11-18
Store Features
Mon:10-21
Tue:10-21
Wed:10-21
Thu:10-21
Fri:10-21
Sat:10-21
Sun:11-18

Indian Hills Do it Best Hdwe
(712) 252-5176
1551 Indian Hills Ste 11
Sioux City, IA
 
Wilmes Hardware
(402) 494-1469
605 West 29th St
South Sioux City, NE
 
LOWE'S OF SIOUX CITY, IA
712 389-9007
5758 SUNNYBROOK DRIVE SIOUX CITY, IA, 51106
Sioux City, IA
 
Fastenal- Sioux City
712-252-0800
2122 4th St Sioux City, IA, 51101
Sioux City, IA
 
Campbell Supply Co/Sioux City
712 252 6120
2650 Bridgeport Drive Sioux City, IA, 51111
Sioux City, IA
 
Girard's Top Shop
(712) 234-1159
1929 4th St
Sioux City, IA

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Solar Kiln

Solar Kiln

Dry Your Own Wood Fast and Hassle-Free

by Dave Munkittrick

Wood is expensive. And extra-wide or figured wood is practically beyond reach. Over the 25-plus years I’ve been a professional woodworker, wood seems to have taken a cue from oil: The price keeps going up. There are ways to use less oil, but when a project requires 100 bd. ft. of walnut, you gotta buy 100 bd. ft. of walnut. That’s why I was so thrilled to discover a simple solar kiln developed by Dr. Eugene Wengert, an extension forest products specialist at the University of Wisconsin–Madison.

Wood is relatively inexpensive before it’s dry. I have managed to obtain green wood at a lumberyard at a fraction of the price of dry wood. Granted, there is a fair amount of sweat equity involved in stacking and transporting larger amounts of wood, but the savings are well worth the effort. 

A solar kiln is the simplest and safest way to dry green wood quickly. Because the wood is protected from the elements, this solar kiln offers more control with much less chance of defects than air-drying provides. Unlike air-drying, it’ll dry wood to the moisture level needed for interior use. And unlike other kilns, it is designed so that it’s nearly impossible to dry 4/4 wood too fast. It’s as close as you can get to a “set it and forget it” system. After the kiln is loaded, all that’s required is some minimal vent adjusting while the wood dries. No sweating over daily drying rates and continual monitoring of the drying process.

I talked with a number of solar-kiln owners for this article. I discovered they all share one problem: where to store all their wonderful solar-dried wood. 

Set It and Forget It

The beauty of this solar kiln design is that it’s almost impossible to dry 4/4 wood too quickly. Even so, most hardwoods can be dried in six weeks during the peak summer months. Our load of basswood took only four weeks. A conventional kiln dries the wood continuously and has to be monitored closely to prevent exceeding the safe drying rate for that species (see “Safe Drying Rates,” below). A solar kiln is cyclical (Fig. A, below). During the day, the kiln heats up and the fan comes on to circulate hot air through the stack. Moisture is drawn from the wood into the air and is vented outside through the vents or leaks out naturally through the kiln’s joints and seams. At night, the cooling cycle begins. The temperature drops, the fan shuts down and the moist air condenses. The surface of the wood gets wet and cool, relieving any drying stresses that built up during the day. It’s like having an automatic conditioning cycle built in.

For most 4/4 stock, it’s OK to start with the vents open an inch or two (Photo 8). This helps remove the moist air quickly. At the same time, however, you’re also letting out heat, so there is a trade-off. After the majority of the mois...

Click here to read the rest of the article from American Woodworker