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Joinery Pacific MO

Learn more about stile and rail joinery and other different joinery techniques. It’s important you’re connecting wood the right way by using the perfect wood joinery tools. Your woodworking pieces will benefit from your research into more joinery techniques. Find the wood joinery tools you need at the hardware supply stores in Pacific, MO listed below.

The Home Depot
390 Thf Boulevard
Chesterfield, MO
Mon-Sat: 6:00am-10:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-8:00pm

The Home Depot
6190 Mid River Mall Dr
St Peter, MO
Mon-Sat: 6:00am-10:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-8:00pm

Pacific Do it Best Lumber
(636) 271-4863
625 S Fourth St
Pacific, MO
Dickey Bub True Value
(636) 587-3900
100 Hilltop Village Center Drive
Eureka, MO
636 728-0163
Chesterfield, MO
The Home Depot
13929 Manchester Rd
Ballwin, MO
Mon-Sat: 6:00am-10:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-8:00pm

The Home Depot
10890 Sunset Hills Plaza
Saint Louis, MO
Mon-Sat: 6:00am-10:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-8:00pm

Gray Summit Do it Best
(636) 451-2707
2625 Highway 100
Gray Summit, MO
(636) 728-0163
290 T.H.F. Blvd
Chesterfield, MO
M-SA 6 am - 10 pm
SU 8 am - 8 pm

Hall Brothers Lumber Co.
(636) 583-2114
503 N Washington
Union, MO


Stile and Rail Joinery




A reversible stile and rail bit makes perfect-fitting frames for doors and cabinets without dowels, mortises or biscuits.

Reversible bits have removable profile- and slot-cutting wings alongwith shims and a guide bearing mounted on a single shaft. Depending onits orientation, the profile cutter either creates the profile  on thestile (above, left) or its coped negative on the rail (above, right).Changing the setup  means disassembling the bit (below), rearrangingthe wings and reassembling—a two-minute process. Make sure to orientthe cutting wings correctly, so they face into the cut. Shims allowadjusting the fit.

One of the best buys you can make for your table-mounted router is aset of stile-and-rail bits. These bits allow you to join frame piecestogether by making a decorative version of the tongue and groove joint.This joint is often called a “cope and stick” joint,  because the railis coped to fit around the profile that's “stuck” onto the stile. Whenassembled, two stiles and two rails form a frame with a groove aroundits inside edge, perfect for holding a panel. Stile-and-rail bits comein a variety of profiles (Fig. A) and are great for making kitchencabinet doors and other frame and panel structures. Most manufacturersoffer them either as matched two-bit sets or as a single “reversible”bit. With the two-bit set you get one bit to make a “profile” cut onlong grain (the stile cutter) and another to make a matching “coped”cut on the end-grain (the rail cutter). With the single, reversible-bitsets you get removable parts that can be configured to make both cuts.

Matched sets with separate bits are best in production shops, butreversible bits are a good choice for anyone working with a budget,because they usually cost less than matched sets and still offer greatperformance. Using a reversible bit is a piece of cake (Photos 1 - 6,below), as long as you remember to make the cope cuts face-side up andprofile cuts face-side down. Making the changeover from profile to copecutting (or back) takes only a few minutes. You'll be impressed withthe quality of the fit and the speed with which you can make a quantityof doors or frames.

Fig. A: Stile-and-rail bits come in a variety of decorative profiles.

Startby making cope cuts on the ends of the rails. Install the bitconfigured for rail-cutting. The use a straightedge to set the fenceflush with the guide bearing, to assure a smooth pass


Make test end-grain cuts. You'll need a sled to hold the rail safelyand ensure a square cut. Simply glue a block of wood with onesquarely-cut end onto a larger piece of 1⁄4-in. plywood, aligned on oneedge. Then attach a toggle clamp. Clamp the rails in the...

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