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Joinery Salem OR

Learn more about stile and rail joinery and other different joinery techniques. It’s important you’re connecting wood the right way by using the perfect wood joinery tools. Your woodworking pieces will benefit from your research into more joinery techniques. Find the wood joinery tools you need at the hardware supply stores in Salem, OR listed below.

The Home Depot
(503)587-7130
3021 Cherry Ave NE
Salem, OR
Hours
Mon-Sat: 6:00am-10:00pm
Sun: 7:00am-8:00pm

Lancaster Mall
(503) 363-9191
827 Lancaster Dr Ne
Salem, OR
Store Hours
Sears Stores
Store Type
Sears Stores
Hours
Mon:10-21
Tue:10-21
Wed:10-21
Thu:10-21
Fri:10-21
Sat:9-21
Sun:10-19
Store Features
Mon:10-21
Tue:10-21
Wed:10-21
Thu:10-21
Fri:10-21
Sat:9-21
Sun:10-19

LOWE'S OF SALEM, OR
503 589-4333
1930 TURNER ROAD SOUTHEAST SALEM, OR, 97302
Salem, OR
 
Madrona Hills Ace Hdw
(503) 763-6323
706 Madrona Ave SE, Old Fred Meyer Home Improvement Center
Salem, OR
 
Kmart 4339 / Cross Merch
(503) 581-8511
2470 Mission St Se
Salem, OR
Store Hours
Miscellaneous
Store Type
Miscellaneous
Hours
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21
Store Features
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21

Northwest Timber
(541) 327-1000
3229 Jefferson-Scio Dr, SEPO Box 1010
Jefferson, OR

Data Provided by:
Western Tool Supply- Salem
503-588-8222
2315 25th Street SE Salem, OR, 97302
Salem, OR
 
Fastenal- Salem
503-375-0513
2949 22nd Street SE Salem, OR, 97302
Salem, OR
 
Lowe's
(503) 589-4333
1930 Turner Road Southeast
Salem, OR
Hours
M-SA 6 am - 10 pm
SU 7 am - 9 pm

Keizer True Value Hardware
(503) 393-6322
5014 River Rd N
Salem, OR
 
Data Provided by:

Joinery

Stile and Rail Joinery


STILE-CUTTING CONFIGURATION

 

RAIL-CUTTING CONFIGURATION


A reversible stile and rail bit makes perfect-fitting frames for doors and cabinets without dowels, mortises or biscuits.

Reversible bits have removable profile- and slot-cutting wings alongwith shims and a guide bearing mounted on a single shaft. Depending onits orientation, the profile cutter either creates the profile  on thestile (above, left) or its coped negative on the rail (above, right).Changing the setup  means disassembling the bit (below), rearrangingthe wings and reassembling—a two-minute process. Make sure to orientthe cutting wings correctly, so they face into the cut. Shims allowadjusting the fit.

One of the best buys you can make for your table-mounted router is aset of stile-and-rail bits. These bits allow you to join frame piecestogether by making a decorative version of the tongue and groove joint.This joint is often called a “cope and stick” joint,  because the railis coped to fit around the profile that's “stuck” onto the stile. Whenassembled, two stiles and two rails form a frame with a groove aroundits inside edge, perfect for holding a panel. Stile-and-rail bits comein a variety of profiles (Fig. A) and are great for making kitchencabinet doors and other frame and panel structures. Most manufacturersoffer them either as matched two-bit sets or as a single “reversible”bit. With the two-bit set you get one bit to make a “profile” cut onlong grain (the stile cutter) and another to make a matching “coped”cut on the end-grain (the rail cutter). With the single, reversible-bitsets you get removable parts that can be configured to make both cuts.

Matched sets with separate bits are best in production shops, butreversible bits are a good choice for anyone working with a budget,because they usually cost less than matched sets and still offer greatperformance. Using a reversible bit is a piece of cake (Photos 1 - 6,below), as long as you remember to make the cope cuts face-side up andprofile cuts face-side down. Making the changeover from profile to copecutting (or back) takes only a few minutes. You'll be impressed withthe quality of the fit and the speed with which you can make a quantityof doors or frames.


Fig. A: Stile-and-rail bits come in a variety of decorative profiles.

PHOTO 1
Startby making cope cuts on the ends of the rails. Install the bitconfigured for rail-cutting. The use a straightedge to set the fenceflush with the guide bearing, to assure a smooth pass

 

PHOTO 2
Make test end-grain cuts. You'll need a sled to hold the rail safelyand ensure a square cut. Simply glue a block of wood with onesquarely-cut end onto a larger piece of 1⁄4-in. plywood, aligned on oneedge. Then attach a toggle clamp. Clamp the rails in the...

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