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Tune Up an Old Chisel Shelbyville TN

These steps are equally useful for a new tool, fresh from the box. Please notice that I put equal emphasis on the chisel’s bevel and back. Both must be in perfect condition, for every sharp edge has two sides. Let’s begin with the back.

The Home Depot
(931)728-1224
187 Roberts Blvd
Manchester, TN
Hours
Mon-Sat: 7:00am-9:00pm
Sun: 8:00am-7:00pm

Shelbyville Lumber Company
(931) 684-5731
917 N Main St
Shelbyville, TN
 
Tullahoma - Auth Hometown
(931) 454-2525
1420 Cedar Lane
Tullahoma, TN
Store Hours
Hometown Dealers
Store Type
Hometown Dealers
Hours
Mon:8-21
Tue:8-21
Wed:8-21
Thu:8-21
Fri:8-21
Sat:8-21
Sun:8-20
Store Features
Mon:8-21
Tue:8-21
Wed:8-21
Thu:8-21
Fri:8-21
Sat:8-21
Sun:8-20

Marshall Farmers Co-op
(931) 359-1558
615 S Ellington Bypass
Lewisburg, TN
 
Handyman Matters
(866) 426-3905
407 Meadowlark Drive
Shelbyville, TN
 
Lowe's
(931) 680-5045
1734 North Main Street
Shelbyville, TN
Hours
M-SA 7 am - 9 pm
SU 8 am - 7 pm

Kmart 9629 / Cross Merch
(931) 455-6208
1806 N Jackson St
Tullahoma, TN
Store Hours
Miscellaneous
Store Type
Miscellaneous
Hours
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21
Store Features
Monday To Friday Working Hours is :8-22 and for Sat:8-22
Sun:8-21

Lowe's
(931) 455-6722
2211 North Jackson Street
Tullahoma, TN
Hours
M-SA 7 am - 9 pm
SU 8 am - 7 pm

Lambert Lumber Co., Inc.
(931) 359-2501
307 2nd Ave South
Lewisburg, TN
 
Paramount Metals
(931) 723-3591
1873 Hillsboro Blvd
Manchester, TN

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Tune Up an Old Chisel

Tune Up an Old Chisel

Turn a Beater into a Razor-Sharp Tool

by Tom Caspar

One of my favorite tools is a legendary Stanley No. 50 chisel. Made in the 1920s, it had seen hard times. Restoring it was a labor of love, and well worth the effort. Its steel holds a long-lasting, super-sharp edge. No doubt you’ve got some beat-up chisels in your toolbox that could be revived, too.

I’ll take you through the complete process of restoring a chisel that’s in tough shape. These steps are equally useful for a new tool, fresh from the box. Please notice that I put equal emphasis on the chisel’s bevel and back. Both must be in perfect condition, for every sharp edge has two sides. Let’s begin with the back.

Evaluate the Back

Inspect the back by sanding with fine paper (Photo 1). Put 220-grit pressure-sensitive-adhesive (PSA) sandpaper on a flat surface, such as a granite surface plate, 1/4-in.-thick piece of glass, cast-iron tablesaw wing or jointer bed. Sand the back a few times using diagonal strokes. Sanding reveals low spots. With an old tool, you’ll probably find rust pits, large hollows or a dip at the leading end. 

Flatten the Back

My chisel’s back looked so bad that I began flattening with 60-grit paper (Photo 2). If the inspection sanding indicates few low spots, begin with a finer grit. The point is to avoid making unnecessarily deep scratches. Machinists call this process lapping. For the coarse work, I use premium-grade sanding belts stretched tightly on a shop-made jig. They can be reused many times, unlike PSA paper. Lapping a back in poor condition may require many strokes, which is hard on your hands, so I often wear rubber-coated gardener’s gloves and take frequent breaks. 

Photo 2: Flatten the back on sandpaper using heavy pressure and diagonal strokes. I prefer to work on a 6-in. x 48-in. sanding belt. It’s easy to reuse and lasts a long time. The belt is stretched taut on a shop-made jig (see “The Lapping Jig, below”).

The Lapping Jig

Opposed wedges tighten a sanding belt placed over this jig. Strike the wedges with a hammer to stretch the paper taut. This jig works for a belt of any size, though I prefer 6-in. x 48-in. belts for their huge surface area. Make the jig from three layers of 3/4-in. MDF glued together. To round the ends, make two 45-degree crosscuts first, and then sand in between them. 

Continue sanding until you reach the bottom of the low spots. How far up the back must you go? Two to three inches are minimum, but I usually lap the whole back. (A totally flat back enables me to use guide blocks when I pare mortises, tenons and dovetails.) If 1/4 in. or less of the back’s leading end is lo...

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